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Evidence base for hand hygiene

The cleanyourhands campaign has been designed taking into consideration seminal research in the area of hand hygiene. Please search for evidence via the NHS Evidence search box below. Alternatively, you can search the cleanyourhands repository which is below the NHS Evidence search box.


Access to some articles and additional resources on the website will require an NHS Athens account available at no cost to NHS employees.




Please note: you will need to click the magnifying glass to search NHS Evidence





cleanyourhands repository

AuthorTitleJournal and volumeYearCategories
McArdle FI, Lee RJ, Gibb AP, Walsh TSHow much time is needed for hand hygiene in intensive care? A prospective trained observer study of...Journal of Hospital Infection; 2006; 62(3):304-310.2006Hand hygiene practice
McAteer J, Stone S, Roberts J, Michie S, FIT study team, Fuller C et al. . 2007; 66(3):291-292.Use of performance feedback to increase healthcare worker hand-hygiene behaviourJournal of Hospital Infection, Volume 66, Issue 3, July 2007, Pages 291-2922007Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
McGuckin M Waterman R Porten L et alPatient Education model for increasing handwashing complianceAmerican Journal of Infection Control 27: 370-21999Patient and public participation, Behaviour and compliance
McGuckin M, Shubin A, McBride P, Lane S, Strauss K, Butler D et al.The effect of random voice hand hygiene messages delivered by medical, nursing, and infection...American Journal of Infection Control; 2006;34(10):673-675.2006Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
McGuckin M, Taylor A, Martin V, Porten L, Salcido R.Evaluation of a patient education model for increasing hand hygiene compliance in an inpatient...American Journal of Infection Control; 2004; 32(4):235-238.2004Evaluation and audit, Patient and public participation, Behaviour and compliance
McGuckin M, Waterman R, Govednik J. HHand Hygiene Compliance Rates in the United States—A One-Year Multicenter Collaborative Using...American Journal of Medical Quality;24(3):205-13.2009Behaviour and compliance, Interventions
McGuckin M, Waterman R, Storr J, Bowler I, Ashby M, Topley K et alEvaluation of a Patient Empowering Hand Hygiene ProgrammeJournal of Hospital Infection, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 222-2272001Patient and public participation
Mears A, White A, Cookson B, Devine M, Sedgwick J, Phillips E, et al. Healthcare-associated infection in acute hospitals: which interventions are effective?Journal of Hospital Infections; 71(4):307-13.2009Interventions
Meengs MR, Giles BK, Chisholm CD, Cordell WH, Nelson DRHand washing frequency in an emergency department.Journal of Emergency Nursing; 20(3):183-1881994Hand hygiene practice
Mellgren-Blackford J, Christenson M, Rudolph M.Using education to ensure hand hygiene complianceMaterials Management in Health Care, 2007; 16(3):26-312007Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance