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Evidence base for hand hygiene

The cleanyourhands campaign has been designed taking into consideration seminal research in the area of hand hygiene. Please search for evidence via the NHS Evidence search box below. Alternatively, you can search the cleanyourhands repository which is below the NHS Evidence search box.


Access to some articles and additional resources on the website will require an NHS Athens account available at no cost to NHS employees.




Please note: you will need to click the magnifying glass to search NHS Evidence





cleanyourhands repository

AuthorTitleJournal and volumeYearCategories
Duerink DO, Farida H, Nagelkerke NJ, Wahyono H, Keuter M, Lestari ES et al.Preventing nosocomial infections: improving compliance with standard precautions in an Indonesian...Journal of Hospital Infection, 2006 Sep;64(1):36-432006Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
Duggan JM, Hensley S, Khuder S, Papadimos TJ, Jacobs L.Inverse correlation between level of professional education and rate of handwashing compliance in a...Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology; 29(6):534-5382008Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
Ebnother C, Tanner B, Schmid F, La R, V, Heinzer I, Bregenzer TImpact of an infection control program on the prevalence of nosocomial infections at a tertiary...Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 2008; 29(1):38-432008Policy and guidance
Eckmanns T, Schwab F, Bessert J, Wettstein R, Behnke M, Grundmann H et al.Hand rub consumption and hand hygiene compliance are not indicators of pathogen transmission in...Journal of Hospital Infection2006Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
Erasmus V, Brouwer W, van Beeck EF, Oenema A, Daha TJ, Richardus JH, et al A qualitative exploration of reasons for poor hand hygiene among hospital workers: lack of positive...Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol;30(5):415-92009Role models
Eveillard M, Hitoto H, Raymond F, Kouatchet A, Dube L, Guilloteau V, et al.Measurement and interpretation of hand hygiene compliance rates: importance of monitoring entire...Journal of Hospital Infection 2009 Jul;72(3):211-72009Evaluation and audit, Behaviour and compliance
Fitzpatrick F, Roche F, Cunney R, Humphreys H.Challenges of implementing national guidelines for the control and prevention of...Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; 30(3):277-812009Hand hygiene practice
Flores A, Pevalin D. Glove use and compliance with hand hygieneNursing Times, 2007; 103(38).2007Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
Food and Drug AdministrationTentative final monograph for healthcare antiseptic drug products; proposed ruleFederal Register, 1994, 59:31441-314521994Policy and guidance
Fores A, Pevalin D. Healthcare workers' compliance with glove use and the effect of glove use on hand hygiene...British Journal of Infection Control; 2006; 7(6)2006Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance