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Evidence base for hand hygiene

The cleanyourhands campaign has been designed taking into consideration seminal research in the area of hand hygiene. Please search for evidence via the NHS Evidence search box below. Alternatively, you can search the cleanyourhands repository which is below the NHS Evidence search box.


Access to some articles and additional resources on the website will require an NHS Athens account available at no cost to NHS employees.




Please note: you will need to click the magnifying glass to search NHS Evidence





cleanyourhands repository

AuthorTitleJournal and volumeYearCategories
Pan A, Mondello P, Posfay-Barbe K, Catenazzi P, Grandi A, Lorenzotti S et al.Hand hygiene and glove use behavior in an Italian hospital.Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology; 28(9):1099-11022007Hand hygiene practice
Pan A, Domenighini F, Signorini L, Assini R, Catenazzi P, Lorenzotti S et al. Adherence to hand hygiene in an Italian long-term care facilityAmerican Journal of Infection Control, 2008; 36(7):495-498.2008Hand hygiene practice
Office for National StatisticsDeaths involving MRSA and Clostridium difficile by communal establishment, England and Wales,...Health Statistics Quarterly 1465-16452008Evaluation and audit
Novoa AM, Pi-Sunyer T, Sala M, Molins E, Castells X.Evaluation of hand hygiene adherence in a tertiary hospitalAmerican Journal of Infection Control; 35(10):676-683.2007Evaluation and audit
Nobile CGA, Montuori P, Diaco E, Villari P.Healthcare personnel and hand decontamination in intensive care units: Knowledge, attitudes, and...Journal of Hospital Infection; 51(3):226-232.2002Hand hygiene practice
Nicolay CR.Hand hygiene: An evidence-based review for surgeonsInternational Journal of Surgery; 4(1):53-652006Evidence reviews and analysis
Nicol PW, Watkins RE, Donovan RJ, Wynaden D, Cadwallader HThe power of vivid experience in hand hygiene complianceJournal of Hospital Infection;72(1):36-42.2009Policy and guidance, Behaviour and compliance
Nichols A, Badger B.An investigation of the division between espoused and actual practice in infection control and of...British Journal of Infection Control, Vol. 9, No. 4, 11-15 (2008)2008Hand hygiene practice, Policy and guidance
Nazarko LPotential pitfalls in adherence to hand washing in the communityBritish Journal of Community Nursing;14(2):64-82009Behaviour and compliance
Muto CA, Sistrom MG, Farr BMHand hygiene rates unaffected by installation of dispensers of a rapidly acting hand antisepticAmerican Journal of Infection Control; 28(3):273-276.2000Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance