[Skip to content]


Evidence base for hand hygiene

The cleanyourhands campaign has been designed taking into consideration seminal research in the area of hand hygiene. Please search for evidence via the NHS Evidence search box below. Alternatively, you can search the cleanyourhands repository which is below the NHS Evidence search box.


Access to some articles and additional resources on the website will require an NHS Athens account available at no cost to NHS employees.




Please note: you will need to click the magnifying glass to search NHS Evidence





cleanyourhands repository

AuthorTitleJournal and volumeYearCategories
Lee K, Huber M, Davidson P. Research or audit? The benefits and limitations of structured observation of the hand hygiene...Br J Infection Control, 2008; 9(2).2008Evaluation and audit, Policy and guidance
Lederer JW, Jr., Best D, Hendrix V. Jt.A comprehensive hand hygiene approach to reducing MRSA health care-associated infections.Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2009 Apr;35(4):180-52009Hand hygiene practice
Larson EL, Quiros D, Lin SXDissemination of the CDC's Hand Hygiene Guideline and impact on infection rates; 35(10):666-675.American Journal of Infection Control2007Policy and guidance
Larson EL, Albrecht S, O'Keefe M.Hand hygiene behavior in a pediatric emergency department and a pediatric intensive care unit:...American Journal of Critical Care; 2005, 14(4):304-311.2005Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
Lankford MG, Zembower T R, Trick WE, et alInfluence of Role Models and Hospital Design on Hand Hygiene of Health Care WorkersEmerging Infectious Diseases vol 9, no 2 217-2232003Role models
Lam BC, Lee J, Lau YL.Hand hygiene practices in a neonatal intensive care unit: a multimodal intervention and impact on...Pediatrics; 2004, 114(5):e565-e571.2004Hand hygiene campaigns, Hand hygiene practice
Kuzu N, Ozer F, Aydemir S, Yalcin AN, Zencir M.Compliance with hand hygiene and glove use in a university-affiliated hospitalInfection Control & Hospital Epidemiology; 2005, 26(3):312-315.2005Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
Kohli E, Ptak J, Smith R, Taylor E, Talbot EA, Kirkland KB. Variability in the Hawthorne effect with regard to hand hygiene performance in high- and...Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; 30(3):222-5.2009Hand hygiene practice
Kilpatrick C, Allegranzi B, Pittet DThe global impact of hand hygiene campaigningEuro Surveill 2009;14(17)2009Hand hygiene campaigns
Karabey S, Ay P, Derbentli S, Nakipoglu Y, Esen F.Handwashing frequencies in an intensive care unit; 50(1):36-41.Journal of Hospital Infection2002Hand hygiene practice