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Evidence base for hand hygiene

The cleanyourhands campaign has been designed taking into consideration seminal research in the area of hand hygiene. Please search for evidence via the NHS Evidence search box below. Alternatively, you can search the cleanyourhands repository which is below the NHS Evidence search box.


Access to some articles and additional resources on the website will require an NHS Athens account available at no cost to NHS employees.




Please note: you will need to click the magnifying glass to search NHS Evidence





cleanyourhands repository

AuthorTitleJournal and volumeYearCategories
Swoboda SM, Earsing K, Strauss K, Lane S, Lipsett PAElectronic monitoring and voice prompts improve hand hygiene and decrease nosocomial infections in...Critical Care Medicine; 32(2):358-3632004Hand hygiene products and technologies, Hand hygiene practice
Suchomel M, Koller W, Kundi M, Rotter MLSurgical hand rub: Influence of duration of application on the immediate and 3-hours effects of...American Journal of Infection Control; 37(4):289-932009Hand hygiene practice
Stout A, Ritchie K, Macpherson KClinical effectiveness of alcohol-based products in increasing hand hygiene compliance and reducing...Journal of Hospital Infection; 66(4):308-312.2007Hand hygiene products and technologies, Evidence reviews and analysis
Stone PW, Hasan S, Quiros D, Larson EL.Effect of guideline implementation on costs of hand hygieneNursing Economics; 25(5):279-284.2007Policy and guidance
Stevenson RJ, Case TI, Hodgson D, Porzig-Drummond R, Barouei J, Oaten MJA scale for measuring hygiene behavior: Development, reliability and validityAmerican Journal of Infection Control; Vol. 37, No. 7. (2009), 5572009Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
Sproat LJA multicentre survey of hand hygiene practice in intensive care unitsJournal of Hospital Infection; 26(2):137-148.1994Evaluation and audit
Souweine B, Lautrette A, Aumeran C, Benedit M, Constantin JM, Bonnard M, et alComparison of acceptability, skin tolerance, and compliance between handwashing and alcohol-based...Journal of Intensive Care Medicine; 35(7):1216-24.2009Hand hygiene practice
Smith SM. A review of hand-washing techniques in primary care and community settingsJournal of Clinical Nursing;18(6):786-902009Evidence reviews and analysis
Sladek RM, Bond MJ, Phillips PA.Why don't doctors wash their hands? A correlational study of thinking styles and hand hygiene.American Journal of Infection Control; 36(6):399-4062008Role models, Behaviour and compliance
Siegel JH, Korniewicz DMKeeping patients safe: an interventional hand hygiene study at an oncology center.Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing 2007; 11(5):643-646.2007Hand hygiene campaigns