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Evidence base for hand hygiene

The cleanyourhands campaign has been designed taking into consideration seminal research in the area of hand hygiene. Please search for evidence via the NHS Evidence search box below. Alternatively, you can search the cleanyourhands repository which is below the NHS Evidence search box.


Access to some articles and additional resources on the website will require an NHS Athens account available at no cost to NHS employees.




Please note: you will need to click the magnifying glass to search NHS Evidence





cleanyourhands repository

AuthorTitleJournal and volumeYearCategories
Ward KAEducation and infections control auditJournal of Hospital Infection; 30(SUPPL.):248-252.1995Evaluation and audit
Wendt C, Knautz D, von BH.Differences in Hand Hygiene Behavior Related to the Contamination Risk of Healthcare Activities in...Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; 25(3):203-206.2004Behaviour and compliance
Whitby M, McLaws M, Slater K, Tong E, Johnson B. Three successful interventions in health care workers that improve compliance with hand hygiene: is...American Journal of Infection Control, 2008; 36(5):349-3562008Hand hygiene practice
Whitby M, Pessoa-Silva CL, McLaws ML, Allegranzi B, Sax H, Larson E et al.Behavioural considerations for hand hygiene practices: the basic building blocksJournal of Hospital Infection, 2007 Jan; 65(1):1-8.2007Hand hygiene practice
WHOWHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Healthcare (Advanced Draft) 2006 2009Policy and guidance
Won S-P, Chou H-C, Hsieh W-S, Chen C-Y, Huang S-M, Tsou K-I et al.Handwashing program for the prevention of nosocomial infections in a neonatal intensive care unit;...Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology2004Hand hygiene campaigns
Wurtz R, Moye G, Jovanovic B.Handwashing machines, handwashing compliance, and potential for cross- contaminationAmerican Journal of Infection Control; 22(4):228-230.1994Hand hygiene products and technologies, Behaviour and compliance