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Evidence base for hand hygiene

The cleanyourhands campaign has been designed taking into consideration seminal research in the area of hand hygiene. Please search for evidence via the NHS Evidence search box below. Alternatively, you can search the cleanyourhands repository which is below the NHS Evidence search box.


Access to some articles and additional resources on the website will require an NHS Athens account available at no cost to NHS employees.




Please note: you will need to click the magnifying glass to search NHS Evidence





cleanyourhands repository

AuthorTitleJournal and volumeYearCategories
MacDonald A, Dinah F, MacKenzie D, Wilson A. Performance feedback of hand hygiene, using alcohol gel as the skin decontaminant, reduces the...Journal of Hospital Infection, 2004; 56(1):56-632004Hand hygiene products and technologies, Hand hygiene practice
Magiorakos AP, Suetens C, Boyd L, Costa C, Cunney R, Drouvot V, et alNational hand hygiene campaigns in Europe, 2000-2009. Euro Surveill 2009;14(17)2009Hand hygiene campaigns
Makay O, Icoz G, Yilmaz A, Kolcu FHandwashing habits of intensive care workers.Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi; 14(2):149-1532008Hand hygiene practice
Markogiannakis A, Fildisis G, Tsiplakou S, Ikonomidis A, Koutsoukou A, Pournaras S et al. Cross-transmission of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clonal strains causing episodes...Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 2008; 29(5):410-418.2008Policy and guidance
Maskerine C, Loeb M. Improving adherence to hand hygiene among health care workers.Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions2006; 26(3):244-251Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
Maskerine C, Loeb M.26(3):244-251.Improving adherence to hand hygiene among health care workersJournal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 2006 Summer;26(3):244-51.2006Hand hygiene practice
Maury E, Moussa N, Lakermi C, Barbut F, Offenstadt G. Compliance of health care workers to hand hygiene: Awareness of being observed is important [8].Intensive Care Medicine, 2006; 32(12):2088-2089.2006Evaluation and audit, Behaviour and compliance
McArdle FI, Lee RJ, Gibb AP, Walsh TSHow much time is needed for hand hygiene in intensive care? A prospective trained observer study of...Journal of Hospital Infection; 2006; 62(3):304-310.2006Hand hygiene practice
McAteer J, Stone S, Roberts J, Michie S, FIT study team, Fuller C et al. . 2007; 66(3):291-292.Use of performance feedback to increase healthcare worker hand-hygiene behaviourJournal of Hospital Infection, Volume 66, Issue 3, July 2007, Pages 291-2922007Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
McGuckin M Waterman R Porten L et alPatient Education model for increasing handwashing complianceAmerican Journal of Infection Control 27: 370-21999Patient and public participation, Behaviour and compliance