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Evidence base for hand hygiene

The cleanyourhands campaign has been designed taking into consideration seminal research in the area of hand hygiene. Please search for evidence via the NHS Evidence search box below. Alternatively, you can search the cleanyourhands repository which is below the NHS Evidence search box.


Access to some articles and additional resources on the website will require an NHS Athens account available at no cost to NHS employees.




Please note: you will need to click the magnifying glass to search NHS Evidence





cleanyourhands repository

AuthorTitleJournal and volumeYearCategories
Kaier K, Hagist C, Frank U, Conrad A, Meyer E. Two time-series analyses of the impact of antibiotic consumption and alcohol-based hand...Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; 30(4):346-53.2009Hand hygiene products and technologies
Kampf GThe six golden rules to improve compliance in hand hygiene; 56 Suppl 2:S3-S5.Journal of Hospital Infection2004Policy and guidance, Behaviour and compliance
Kaplan LM, McGuckin MIncreasing handwashing compliance with more accessible sinksInfection Control; 1986, 7(8):408-4101986Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance
Karabay O, Sencan I, Sahin I, Alpteker H, Ozcan A, Oksuz S.Compliance and efficacy of hand rubbing during in-hospital practice; 14(5):313-317.Medical Principles & Practice2005Hand hygiene practice
Karabey S, Ay P, Derbentli S, Nakipoglu Y, Esen F.Handwashing frequencies in an intensive care unit; 50(1):36-41.Journal of Hospital Infection2002Hand hygiene practice
Kilpatrick C, Allegranzi B, Pittet DThe global impact of hand hygiene campaigningEuro Surveill 2009;14(17)2009Hand hygiene campaigns
Kohli E, Ptak J, Smith R, Taylor E, Talbot EA, Kirkland KB. Variability in the Hawthorne effect with regard to hand hygiene performance in high- and...Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; 30(3):222-5.2009Hand hygiene practice
Kuzu N, Ozer F, Aydemir S, Yalcin AN, Zencir M.Compliance with hand hygiene and glove use in a university-affiliated hospitalInfection Control & Hospital Epidemiology; 2005, 26(3):312-315.2005Hand hygiene practice, Behaviour and compliance